The Chemistry of Ion Hair Dye

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Introduction

Ion Color Brilliance Crème Permanent Hair Color is permanent hair color in a creme state. There are 47 different shades (light and dark) to choose from along with various levels of developer to help with the deepness of the change. I chose to do the chemistry of this hair dye for several reasons. I have used this dye to recolor my hair several times and it works well. Ion dye is reliable but not expensive, which is what makes it so great. Also, I have been somewhat interested in cosmetology for college. Learning about dye may help me to understand similar things in the future.


Composition of ...
  • WATER
  • CETEARYL ALCOHOL
  • STEARYL ALCOHOL
  • PROPYLENE GLYCOL
  • ETHOXYDIGLYCOL
  • CETEARETH-50
  • PEG-40 HYDROGENATED CASTOR OIL
  • LAURYL ALCOHOL
  • AMMONIA
  • MYRISTYL ALCOHOL
  • COCAMIDOPROPYL BETAINE
  • PEROXIDE (in developer)
  • FRAGRANCE
  • DIMETHICONE PEG-8 MEADOWFOAMATE
  • BISAMINO PEG/PPG-41/3 AMINOETHYL PG-PROP
  • SODIUM SULFITE
  • POLYQUATERNIUM-22
  • EDTA
  • ERYTHORBIC ACID
  • SIMETHICONE
  • GLYCERIN
  • TRITICUM VULGARE (WHEAT) GLUTEN
  • 2-METHYLRESORCINOL
  • P-AMINOPHENOL
  • P-PHENYLENEDIAMINE ,2
  • 4-DIAMINOPHENOXYETHANOL HCL

The Crème Permanent Hair Color, which I chose to use for my experiment, is just one of Ion Color Brilliance’s many hair products. The manufacturing site is located in Mexico. I could not find any statements on how it is made, because the sites were very limiting.  Ion Color Brilliance is a very reliable hair-coloring product line and is used in several salons and cosmetology places throughout the nation.


Main Chemicals, Compounds, Components

NH3 and H2O2

Ammonia and Peroxide are the two main components of Ion Color Brilliance Crème Permanent Hair Color. Ammonia is an alkaline chemical, a colorless gas used that opens the cuticle and allows the dye to access the hair. It is also a catalyst when the dye itself comes together with the peroxide, which is used as the developer. The developer removes pre-existing color. Peroxide breaks down chemical bonds in hair, and the sulfur is released. As the melanin is decolorized, a new permanent color is bonded to the hair cortex from the crème color. Various types of alcohols and conditioners are also present in this hair color. The conditioners are used to close the cuticle after coloring and protect the new color.


Chemistry's Role


The outer layer of the hair, or the cuticle, must be opened before permanent color can be deposited. Once the layer is open, the dye reacts with the inner portion, or cortex, of the hair, to deposit the color. The reaction involves a two-step process that first removes the original color of the hair and then deposits the new color. After this reaction, the color is bonded within the hair shaft. During this process, the ammonia and peroxide, which are explained in more depth in the following section, react and break down the already existing bonds, releasing sulfur. The sulfur is what causes the distinguishing odor of hair color. Throughout the reaction, while the previous bonds are broken, a new permanent color is bonded to the hair cortex. Once the dying is complete, the conditioner/alcohol that is mixed closes the cuticles and protects the hair, leaving it soft and rejuvenated. Showering after dying will give best results because this will wash out the reactants in the color and further condition your hair.


Background Research


Ion Hair Color is a dye that uses pure ionic micro pigments to penetrate the hair to create a deeper color with more intensity. It creates  shine, fade-resistant color and conditioning.  It penetrates the cuticle layer of the hair, and guarantees 100% gray coverage.


Directions on Ion Packaging:    1:1 mixing ratio. Two ounces of color to two ounces of 10, 20, 30 or 40 Volume Ion Sensitive Scalp Creme Developer. High Lift Blonde series is mixed 1:2 ratio: Two ounces of color to 4 ounces of 30 or 40 Volume Ion Sensitive Scalp Developer. Bowl and brush application is recommended.

The Ion Dye is rated at an average 4.1 out of 5, after 210 reviews have been submitted on MakeupAlley.

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About the Author







Kiahna Steiner is a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. She is a 16 year old junior at Billings Senior High School, and the oldest of four siblings. She loves music, to the point where she could probably not last a day without it. She is 6’ tall and a three year varsity volleyball player. She has been playing since she was about nine years old. It is her favorite thing to do and she plans to continue her career through college and as far as it can take her. Kiahna was nominated for Gatorade Player of The Year last season as a junior, and her winning next year was on the 2012 Predictions For Montana in the newspaper. She is hoping to be awarded Gatorade Player of The Year next season. As of right now, she plans to go to Utah for college. She has not determined which school yet because her decision will come due to opportunities for volleyball and education availabilities. Her desired major is Physical Therapy.

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