The Chemistry of Red Lipstick, is about what the components of lipstick are and what they do to create the substance. I chose the topic, Red Lipstick, because it is consistently used by many women today. Also, I am very fond of lipstick myself. I use the product every now-and-then, to give a outfit a POP of color. Lipstick is very popular within our culture and becomes even more unique everyday!
Composition of ...
Wax: The wax that is used: beeswax, candelilla wax, and carnauba wax. Obviously, beeswax is from bees. Candelilla wax comes from the candelilla shrub. Carnauba is a type of plant wax coming from the leaves of brazilian wax palm trees, it is the most expensive between them. The more the carnauba the more expensive the lipstick. Wax enables the easy shaping of the stick.
Oil: Some oils that lipstick contain are: castor oil, vegetable, lanolin, mineral, and cocoa butter. Oil and wax make up about 60% of total weight of the lipstick.
Pigments and Dyes: These are used to impart the desired color or shade to the lipstick. commonly used is bromic acid, they are either obtained from plants or are mix of various chemicals.
Fragrance: This is found in lipstick in small amounts and is used to impact a pleasant scent, it suppresses the smell of the other ingredients.
Alcohol: This is used as solvent, for wax and oils.
Preservatives and antioxidants: They are added to keep the lipstick fresh and to prevent it from becoming stale.
Pearl Essence: This is made from the shimmery scales of a fish. It creates the shimmering or pearly finish, in certain lipsticks.
The Ingredients in the Wet N’ Wild 910D Red Lipstick
Ozokerite- a waxy mineral mixture of hydrocarbons, colorless or white when pure, binder, emulsion stabilizer, viscosity controller
Pentaerythrityl Tetraisostearate- a lipid-based ingredient used for a skin conditioning agent, surfactant, skin conditioning
Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride- fraction of coconut/palm oil fatty acids, fragrance and skin conditioner
Propylheptyl Caprylate- soothes and softens skin
Mineral Oil- a refined petroleum, commonly used as a laxative, fragrance ingre., skin protector and conditioner
Aluminum Starch Octenylsuccinate- an aluminum salt of chemically modified starch, viscosity controlling
Bis Diglyceryl Polyacyladipate 2- a lipid based synthetic skin conditioning agent, skin conditioner
VP/Eicosene Copolymer- synthetic polymer of a hydrocarbon eicosene and vinylpyrrolidone, binder, film former, viscosity controller
Myristyl Lactate- an ester of myristyl alcohol and lactic acid
Dimethicone/Vinyl Dimethicone Crosspolymer- a copolymer, viscosity controller
Myristyl Myristate- an ester of myristyl alcohol and myristic acid, skin conditioner
Polysilicone 6- a copolymer, film former
Sorbitan Sesquioleate- a synthetic surfactant and emulsifier based on sorbitol and modified oleic acid, surfactant
Myristyl Laurate- surfactant (a surface active substance), skin conditioner
Butylene/Ethylene/Styrene Copolymer- a polymer terminated by hydrogenation (to combine or treat with or expose to hydrogen), viscosity increasing agent
Ethylene/Propylene/Styrene Copolymer- a polymer terminated by hydrogenation, viscosity increasing agent
Propylparaben- a preservative used in food, pharmaceutical, and personal care products. (Parabens mimic estrogen and act as potential hormone system disruptors.), fragrance ingredient
Cholesteryl Hydroxystearate- an ester, viscosity controller and skin conditioner
BHT-(Butylated Hydroxytoluene) a toluene-based ingredient used as a preservative, in food & personal care products, antioxidant fragrance ingredient
Silica, Amorphous- most common constituent of fine sand, abrasive, absorbent
Tocopheryl Acetate- a chemical compound consisting of acetic acid and tocopherol or vitamin E, a skin conditioning agent
Retinyl Palmitate- an ingredient made up of palmitic acid and retinol (Vitamin A), skin conditioner
Squalene- a natural occurring lipid derived from plants and animals, a skin conditioner
Allantoin- natural occurring nitrogenous skin conditioning agent
Sodium Hyaluronate- the sodium salt of hyaluronic acid, a naturally occurring polysaccharide found in connective tissues, a skin conditioner
Ubiquinone- antioxidant, skin conditioning agent
Iron Oxides- inorganic chemicals used as colorants, colorant
Titanium Dioxide- inorganic compound, colorant, ultraviolet light absorber, sunscreen agent
Blue 1 Lake- industrial production of a colorant
Red 6- synthetic dye produced by petroleum or coal tar, colorant
Red 28 Lake- a industrial colorant
Yellow 5 Lake- industrial colorant
- Yellow 6 lake- industrial colorant
Main Chemicals, Compounds, Components
The Components of Red Lipstick
*--The two main components.
*Ozokerite: The archaic name used is Earth Wax or Fossil Wax. It is a waxy mineral mixture of hydrocarbons, derived from petroleum or mineral sources, that is colorless or white when pure. It acts as a binder, emulsion stabilizer, and a viscosity controller. Ozokerite is not man-made it is naturally occurring from Petroleum.
Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride: Another name for it is fractionated coconut oil. The molecular formula is C21H40O5. It is a fraction of coconut/palm oil fatty acids and is used as a fragrance and skin conditioning agent.
Mineral Oil: The name is already in it’s common state. There also is no molecular formula for mineral oil. It is a refined from petroleum and commonly used as a laxative. For the lipstick it’s jobs are: a fragrance ingredient, a skin protector, and a skin conditioning agent.
Pigments and dyes:
*Iron Oxides: A common name for an iron oxide is rust. Its molecular form is Fe3O4. They are inorganic chemicals used as colorants. They also act as a colorant in the lipstick. Iron oxides are man-made. They made by either thermal decomposition of iron salts or iron compounds, the precipitation of iron salts with oxidation, or reduction of organic compounds by iron.
Titanium Dioxide: It is already in the most common name. It’s molecular formula is TiO2. Titanium Dioxide is an inorganic compound, in lipstick it is a colorant, a ultraviolet light absorber, and a sunscreen agent.
Preservatives and antioxidants:
Propylparaben: It’s common name is a paraben. The molecular formula is C10H12O3. Propylparaben is a preservative used in food, pharmaceutical, and personal care products. (Parabens mimic estrogen and act as potential hormone system disruptors). In lipstick, it is a fragrance ingredient.
Butylated Hydroxytoluene: The common name is BHT, for short. The molecular formula is C15H24O. It is a toluene-based ingredient used as a preservative, in food & personal care products. BHT is an antioxidant and a fragrance ingredient.
The product, lipstick, is man-made. So, chemistry’s role in the building of red lipstick is that it helps combine all the ingredients to become a whole.
Lipstick was the first cosmetic ever used. Ancient egyptians used henna or crushed insects like carmine or cochineal beetles and ante to obtain shades of red lipstick. Solid lipstick was first invented by an arab cosmetologist, Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi. It became popular after Queen Elizabeth started using it. She had made a fashion statement by her blood red lips.
About the Author
Angelica Hagstrom is a 16 year old junior at Billings Senior High. She is a 3 year varsity cheerleader and gets very good grades. Angelica enjoys making Shelby Swanson cry. She has two husky dogs and 5 siblings! She is a spunky tan little thing, and her attitude and personality make her stand out in a crowd, but in the good way. She’s got style beyond everyone’s imagination, and she can rock anything she puts on.