Stress can affect a life in many different ways. Not everyone reacts to stress the same way. The body releases certain chemicals that help the person to react to the stressor fast and effective. I chose to study the process in the body while under stress because as a high school student it seems we have the a lot of stress in life. Whether it comes from family, school, friends, work, or even sports as a high school student we tend to have stress. My life is affected by stress everyday. Usually during golf season is when the most stress builds up. Having all the experience and the pressure that I’ve gone through has helped me perform with ice in my veins.
Composition of ...
Main Chemicals, Compounds, Components
Chemicals are released throughout body causing the body to react the way it does.
When the body is put under stress the part of the brain called “hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal” or HPA is activated. The HPA releases steroid hormones including the primary stress hormone cortisol. The HPA also releases neurotransmitters called amygdala. The brain also releases neuropeptide a small protein that modulates stress by decreasing sleep and increasing alertness and a sense of anxiety. When a person is put under stress catecholamines contribute to short term memory loss. Although at the same time neurotransmitters signal the hippocampus to store the event in the long term memory part of the brain. The stress response is triggered when the adrenals glands, located on top of the kidneys, receive distress messages from the brain. Once the distress messages are received the adrenals release adrenalin and cortisol, two hormones that cause “fight or flight.” Also a chemical called serotonin acts as a buffer against stress allowing the person to perform in challenging situations. In women, their serotonin levels are much lower. They have only 25% of serotonin that men have. Due to the lower amount of serotonin women tend to have more stress in their lives than men do. Some stress is healthy and a necessity in life. When under stress the body releases norepinephrine, a neurotransmitter that is needed to create new memories. Stress may seem like one of the worst things to have to deal with but in reality it keeps us healthy.
About the Author
Sean Benson is a junior at Billings Senior High. He has learned to like chemistry as the year moved on. Sean is apart of National Honors Society and is on the Honor Roll. He has lettered in golf the past 2 years and is working hard on putting up a picture with his team in the trophy case.