The Chemistry of how Snowboarding Affects the Brain
In this you will learn how snowboarding affects the brain and what hormones (which are types of chemicals in the brain) are secreted. I chose this because I am very passionate about snowboarding. I may not be that talented at it but my mind tells me to keep getting up and trying again. This project showed me what partsa of the brain cause me to keeping getting back on my board even if my last fall was painful. Snowboarding has also taught me that you have to fight through the pain no matter how much you want to give up or how terrifying the lifts seem.Composition of ...The chemicals that are secreted in the brain when a person is snowboarding is typically Norepinephrine (C8H11NO3) which controls emotions such as anxiety, fear, anger, and pain, Dopamine (C8H11NO2) which creates the feeling of pleasure and happiness, and Adrenaline (C9H13NO3) which increases heart rate when stressed, excited, or strong emotions.
Main Chemicals, Compounds, Components
Snowboarding causes the brain to secrete three main chemicals Norepinephrine, Dopamine, and Adrenaline. Which are made up of Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, and oxygen.
Chemistry is used when the Ribosome in the nucleus of a cell use DNA that has been coded into RNA to form amino acids. The amino acids are chemically linked together to form proteins. Some of these proteins are known as hormones that are triggered by neurons to send out information through neurotransmitters to locations of the brain and body. For snowboarding the neurotransmitters are sent out from the primary sensory cortex, (located in the parietal lobe of the cerebrum which is the superior part of the brain) in order to secrete hormones that trigger pain, anxiety, and pleasure.
Snowboarding first came around in 1961 and was invented by three guys named Vern Wicklund, Harvey Burgeson, and Gunnar Burgeson. When snowboarding the brain goes through many stages and may cause a person to have many different types of emotions. These emotion are released by neurons, which are cells that transmit nerve impulses to another cell in the body.
The mental challenge of learning how to snowboard
Must have perseverance to snowboard
Be able to live with looking stupid and telling yourself to get back up after falling/wiping out
neurotransmitters which is a chemical released by neurons
Involved in motor control and release of various hormones
chemicals that enable neurotransmission
Transmits signals across chemical synapse from neuron to neuron
Transports a neuron's information by nerve impulses called action potential
Core of snowboards usually made of fiberglass around wood (beech, poplar, bamboo, and birch)
core is sometimes made of foam, aluminum, or honeycomb
base made of plastic (polyethylene) with wax that creates a hydrophobic surface
Edge a strip of metal that is able to produce friction so you can ride on ice
Motor system is involved with producing body movements
Activates muscles (except eye muscles)
Ventral horn in spinal cord contains motor neurons that activate muscle
Cerebellum in hindbrain calibrates timing and precision of movements
which is extremely important in snowboarding since you have to be precise in every single movement
Motivational system monitors current state of satisfaction of goals
such as when you fall you keep getting up and trying again
Motivational system is in the basal ganglia
Two olympic snowboarders fell on the first and second run but after they fell they learned how much snowboarding meant to them
After losing the first round they felt disappointed
Intense cardio workout (Aerobic)
neurochemicals that are responsible for feeling happy
Elevate mood and can reduce anxiety, lower stress and support mental health
Definition of what P-tex is and what it is commonly used for on a snowboard
Norepinephrine chemical makeup
Norepinephrine is a hormone that is released from the Locus Coeruleus in the pons area (Brain Stem)
Fight or flight response
About the Author
Aryanna Arnold is a Junior at Billings Senior High School. She enjoys to snowboard with friends at Red Lodge Mountain in Red Lodge, Montana and Bridger Bowl Ski Area in Bozeman, Montana. Her favorite class is chemistry because she to learn how it affects daily tasks. Aryanna wants to study nursing and biochemistry at Montana State University in Bozeman.